Do You Have a Type D Personality?

New research suggests having a "distressed" personality, known as “Type D”, can put your health at risk. A study found that those with this personality type are three times more likely to suffer from heart problems, including peripheral artery disease, heart failure, and death.

Type D personality was first defined in the 1990’s. It is characterized by feelings of negativity, depression, anxiety, stress, anger, and loneliness. About 20 percent of Americans are Type D's, but they comprise about half of people being treated for heart problems.

According to U.S. News & World Report:

“[Researchers] analyzed 49 previous studies involving more than 6,000 people and found that Type D spells trouble -- especially for heart patients, who had a greater risk of dying if they had this personality type, compared to non-D's ... The link between Type D personality and poor health outcomes is most likely driven by its hallmark high stress levels”.

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